Marking World Cancer Day and drawing the battle lines against the disease

Phillip Cunningham
February 5, 2019

Inadequate access to cancer screening, diagnosis and treatment is the primary cause.

Yet, some studies have shown that breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and pancreatic cancer are rather associated with eating high fat and high protein food, and physical inactivity.

Meanwhile, from today until March 15, the Western Cape Department of Health will visit all Grade 4 girls who are nine years old and attending public schools to administer the first dose of the vaccine that prevents human papillomavirus-related cervical cancer. While breast density is a risk factor for cancer, there is no solid evidence showing that more screening tests, whether they be mammograms, ultrasounds or MRIs, aimed at all women with dense breasts will result in better outcomes.

During and after cancer treatment, most families are mainly concerned about the short- and long-term effects of the cancer and its treatment, and concerns about the cancer still being present or coming back. Thankfully breast cancer survival is improving and has doubled in the last 40 years in the UK.

Currently, cancer is the second highest cause of death among Malaysians. World Health Assembly resolution WHA A70/A/CONF./9 " Cancer prevention and control in the context of an integrated approach" lays out a clear road map to realise the potential for prevention, early diagnosis, prompt treatment and palliative care for people with cancer. With one-fifth of the world's population, China now takes up 22 percent of new cancer cases and 27 percent of cancer deaths worldwide. It is the responsibility of each and every one to play their part to reduce the burden of cancer in the country.

The writer is Consultant Medical Oncologist at Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre.

How will China deal with the serious problem of cancer?

He said Croatia followed world trends in cancer treatment when it comes to new medication and that a year ago saw a significant rise in the procurement of diagnostic equipment. We need to raise awareness of cancer prevention and screening, improve comprehensive treatment of cancer, and enhance medical services in rural areas. "Approximately 30-50% of cancers can be prevented if these policies are maximally implemented". He also highlighted the need for more specialised psychological support for children diagnosed with cancer, their parents as well as staff. While malaria can now be suppressed through administration of curative drugs, and mitigation measures like sleeping under treated mosquito nets; cancers when detected at advanced stage have proven hard to remedy. The risk of cancer is increasingbecauseMost of us are living longer!

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