United States enlists UN to keep sanctions pressure on North Korea

Saul Bowman
July 24, 2018

Other members of the Security Council backed the USA, calling for concrete action by North Korean leader Kim Jong-un on nuclear disarmament.

Earlier this week, Seoul officials confirmed that the same two ships, under the flags of Panama and Sierra Leone, carried over 9,000 tons of North Korean coal from the port of Kholmsk on Russia's Sakhalin Island to South Korean ports last October, a violation of a comprehensive coal ban passed by the UN Security Council in August 2017.

"I don't think we should go forward with the assumption that all this is going to work", Coats said.

Over the past few days, the North's official media have chastised Japan for discriminating against its large ethnic Korean community and played up South Korean reports that protesters in Seoul threw eggs at the Japanese Embassy over Tokyo's alleged attempts to take control over a disputed island that is a cause celebre for both North and South.

Pompeo's meeting with Security Council members, 10 of whom are elected and five of them permanent (Britain, China, France, Russia and the US), may have also helped assuage tensions that ensued from Trump's recent visit to Europe, where he later called it America's "foe", among other disturbing remarks about Western allies.

North Korea's economy saw its sharpest decline in two decades a year ago. Mr Kim has yet to take any concrete steps in that direction, raising doubts about his intentions.

"When sanctions are not enforced, the prospects for the successful denuclearization of North Korea are diminished".

"President Trump remains upbeat about the prospects of denuclearization of North Korea", the top United States diplomat said. Pompeo asked. "We need to see Chairman Kim do what he promised the world he would do".

As North Korea has yet to start the process of denuclearization, the U.S.is determined to maintain "maximum pressure" on the country, but Pyongyang's worldwide backers, namely China and Russian Federation, are resistant.

After the recent visits of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un to China, Beijing has nearly doubled the volume of crude oil pipeline shipments to North Korea, South Korea's newspaper Chosun Ilbo reported on Thursday, citing a source in Beijing. "We have to see some sort of action".

Exports of North Korean minerals, including coal, are banned under United Nations. "They claim they need more information, we don't need any more information", Haley said.

The joint statement included a USA commitment to providing security guarantees to North Korea in exchange for its denuclearization, and North Korea's promise to recover and return the remains of American soldiers killed in the 1950-53 Korean War. It also requires countries using North Korean laborers to send them back no later than 24 months from the adoption of the resolution.

These actions are all "generating significant revenues for the regime and they must be stopped", he said.

"Some of them, they were taken to the Republic of Korea without knowing that they were coming here", Quintana said, referring to South Korea by its formal name.

Data shows production in the sector decreased by 10.4 percent, which was viewed as the result of the newly adopted and implemented United Nations bans previous year in response to Kim Jong-Un's series of disturbing nuclear tests.

The Trump administration, criticised for failing to obtain a written promise of this key objective in Singapore, now insists negotiations are progressing toward the North's "final, fully verified" denuclearisation.

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